Quit Your Band! Soundtrack 1 (Japanese Pop 1950-2001)

When writing Quit Your Band! I made a conscious decision that the book wasn't going to be a guide to the music itself so much as a book about the world musicians inhabit and the background against which their music exists. Under this structure, the artists I talk about really function as examples for broader points I want to make about trends in music culture or aspects of how the scenes infrastructure work, and they fall into two main categories.

Firstly, there are the artists I encountered in the live venues of Tokyo and beyond as I navigated my own path through the music scene. This would include the bands I have released myself through Call And Response Records, the wider pool of artists I book my events from and the even broader tapestry of artists who make up that world. Basically no one knows who any of these bands are, and most people dont really want to.

 
Secondly, there are the artists mentioned in the books second part, where I discuss the historical background of Japanese pop and rock music. This section deals with mainstream and underground music in parallel, trying to note some of their key areas of intersection, and mentioning some key acts from the immediate postwar period through to the year 2001, when I first arrived in Japan.
 
A few people have suggested that as an accompaniment to this blizzard of band names, I might put together a playlist of some kind, and I’ve put off doing this for a long time — partly through being busy with other things, but also through embarrassment at the prospect of going through and reading the book again.
 
Another problem to overcome was how to reconcile those two threads, each featuring artists of very different levels of significance, without seeming like I was dishonestly trying to exaggerate the historical significance of bands who are really only important to me and my little world.
 
As a result, it makes most sense to me to make two playlists: one for the bands who have soundtracked my life in the Japanese indie scene and one to supplement the book’s broad historical overview of music in Japan. Since Japanese artists aren’t very well represented on streaming services, I did it on YouTube, although expect half the tracks to have been pulled by the labels within the first few weeks of me posting this (so watch it quick!)
 
Anyway, here’s the first playlist, covering the history of pop and rock. It’s broadly chronological, but broken up by themes, which often overlap. I’ll explain the structure in the track list below.

EARLY JAPANESE POP AND ROCK

1. Tokyo Kid - Hibari Misora

2. Ano Ko no Namae wa Nanten kana - Kyu Sakamoto

3. Test Driver - Takeshi “Terry” Terauchi & The Bunnies

4. Aoi Tori - The Tigers

5. Hey Joe - The Golden Cups

6. Marianne - The Jacks

 

1970s UNDERGROUND ROCK

7. Night of the Assassin - Hadaka no Rallies (Les Rallies Dénudés)

8. Horibieta-mono no Densetsu - Zuno Keisatsu

9. Kodomo Bosatsu - J. A. Seazer

10. Satori Part 1 - Flower Travellin’ Band

11. Lemon Tea - Sonhouse

 

1970s "NEW MUSIC"

12. Dakishimetai - Happy End

13. Jiko Ken’o - Yosui Inoue

14. Kanashikute Yarikirenai - Folk Crusaders

15. Hikouki Gumo - Yumi Arai

 

THE GOLDEN AGE OF KAYŌKYOKYOKU AND IDOLS (70s-80s)

16. Koi Dorobou - Chiyo Okumura

17. Hitonatsu no Keiken - Momoe Yamaguchi

18. Junketsu - Saori Minami

19. Shochuu Omimai Moushiagemasu - Candies

20. UFO - Pink Lady

21. Young Man (YMCA) - Hideki Saijo

22. Makka na Onnanoko - Kyoko Koizumi

23. Akai Sweet Pea - Seiko Matsuda

24. Sailor Fuku wo Nugasanaide - Onyanko Club

 

PUNK/HARDCORE/NOISE/EXPERIMENTAL ROCK (70s-80s)

25. Crazy Dream - Friction

26. White Man - Totsuzen Danball

27. Ponytail no Kawaii Anoko - Ultra Bide

28. Coca Cola - SS

29. Kii Kurete - Inu

30. Subete Urimono - Aunt Sally

31. Signal - Phew

32. Romanticist - The Stalin

33. Broken Generation - Laughin’ Nose

34. Nih Nightmare - G.I.S.M.

35. Fuck Head - Gauze

36. Zouroku no Kibyou - Hijokaidan

37. Pow Wow Now - Boredoms

38. Ecobondage (Ending) - Merzbow

39. Galois - Aburadako

40. Dadaism - Ruins

41. Twist Barbie - Shonen Knife

42. Owaranai Uta - Blue Hearts

 

NEW WAVE & AVANT-POP (70s-80s)

43. Mummy Doesn’t Go to Parties Since Daddy Died - Sadistic Mika Band

44. La Femme Chinoise - Yellow Magic Orchestra

45. Sheena & The Rokkets - You May Dream

46. Copy - Plastics

47. Bijutsukan de Atta Hito Darou (Artmania) - P-Model

48. Puyo Puyo - Hikashu

49. Medaka - Chakra

50. Jenny wa Gokigen Naname - Juicy Fruits

51. Radar Man - Jun Togawa

52. Uchoten - Wahaha

53. Parallelisme - Miharu Koshi

 

BIRTH OF J-POP (CIRCA 1990)

54. Ai ga Tomaranai (Turn it into Love) - Wink

55. 17-sai - Chisato Moritaka

56. Furyou Shounen no Uta - Blankey Jet City

57. Kimi Shika Inai - Tama

58. Aoi Kuruma - Spitz

59. Rosier - Luna Sea

60. Gravity of Love - Tetsuya Komuro

 

PEAK J-POP (1990s)

61. Boy Meets Girl - TRF

62. Can’t Stop Falling in Love - Globe

63. Only You - Yuki Uchida

64. Seesaw Game ~ Yuukan na Koi no Uta - Mr. Children

65. Mottö - Judy And Mary

66. Asia no Junshin - Puffy

 

SHIBUYA-KEI (80s-90s)

67. The Audrey Hepburn Complex - Pizzicato V

68. Dolphin Song - Flipper’s Guitar

69. Konya wa Boogie Back - Kenji Ozawa featuring Scha Dara Parr

70. New Music Machine - Cornelius

71. Good Morning World - Kahimi Karie

72. Fantastic Cat - Takako Minekawa

73. New Rock - Buffalo Daughter

74. Living on the Same Planet - Seagull Screaming Kiss Her Kiss Her

 

END OF A CENTURY POP AND ROCK

75. Boys & Girls - Ayumi Hamasaki

76. Can You Keep a Secret? - Hikaru Utada

77. Love Machine - Morning Musume

78. Ne~e - Aya Matsuura

79. Cream Soda - Supercar

80. Ai Naki Sekai - Quruli

81. Toumei Shoujou - Number Girl

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Quit Your Band! media coverage

Over the past few months, I've had the interesting experience of being on the receiving end of quite a lot of media coverage about the book, mostly from Japan-focused web sites, magazines etc.

As well as providing a nice boost to my ego and a sense of acknowledgment after all the time toiling alone with only my editor and publisher to encourage me, it's also been interesting to see what aspects people have picked up on. One theme recurring in the feedback I've had is the idea of music as a route into finding a sense of belonging within Japanese society. I made a remark about that almost as a throwaway point near the beginning of the book, but it seems to have struck a chord with several of the people who've read it.

 

Part of this is perhaps that media focused on life in Japan (the Japan expat village, as it were) is likely to be more conscious of the way sense-of-belonging can be an issue many foreigners in Japan struggle with. If international music media had taken more interest in the book, their takeaway might have been rather different.

The idea of a music scene as a route into a sense of belonging is applicable to more than life in Japan though. Music has been providing a home for misfits since at least the birth of rock'n'roll, and probably beyond. As I was travelling around Japan researching the local music scenes of each prefecture, I noticed that it was becoming more a meditation on the nature of "home", and I'm starting to see that I'd already planted the seed of that idea in Quit Your Band! without realising it.

 

The other thing that happened was that through the various interviews I did, I refined a lot of the ideas in the book and perhaps improved on my explanations of them. The book itself was a refinement of many points I'd made in my Japan Times writing, and was in part a result of my dissatisfaction with how I'd expressed them the first time around, but now the interviews are starting to make the book feel out of date as well. It's good that I still think I can improve, but also a little bit of a source of worry to find myself revisiting the same ideas over and over again.

 

In any case, here's a summary of the various online commentary and interviews about the book:

 

REVIEW - Metropolis

Largely positive review in one of Tokyo's local listings papers.

 

REVIEW - Time Out Tokyo

Another review from a listings paper, this one written by Patrick St. Michel, who I've known for a while from The Japan Times and the music scene generally.

 

INTERVIEW (AUDIO) - Tofugu

A Japanese culture and language web site and podcast. I can't listen to the sound of my own voice on tape, but some people said this was interesting.

INTERVIEW - Indie Guides
International indie culture site covering a number of cities around the world.

INTERVIEW - The Quietus

The only coverage I've received in actual music media, I'm nonetheless glad it was The Quietus who did it. It's also very long and goes into a lot of depth. Probably the most interesting one to do.

INTERVIEW - Tokyo Weekender
Another local Tokyo listings paper, with a more upscale focus.

INTERVIEW (AUDIO) - Japan Alternative Sessions

INTERVIEW - Zoom Japan
The web version of this is distractingly garbled, so I won't link to it here. I have a (slightly smudged) scan of it though, which is a little bit more readable.

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Quit Your Band! book trailer

I've heard that book trailers are a thing, so I made this out of a pile of old film & TV footage, iMovie, and a set of vague memories of Godard from film studies classes.

The song is Inori by Nakigao Twintail, who played at the Quit Your Band! release party last Saturday in Kichijoji. They played this song last and a friend of mine asked me afterwards if the lyrics, "Yamete yaru! Konna band, yamete yaru!", had been inspired by my book. Those who've read the book will know that it was very much the other way around, and I'm very lucky to have had to opportunity to get them in the studio and record them before they freak out and split up again. I'm also really happy to have had the opportunity to pay tribute to them in this admittedly small way.

 

(You can get the CD from the Call And Response Records online store, by the way.)

 

Also, the music playing over the outro is the song Angel Fish by the magnificent Hyacca, from the album Sashitai - again available from Call And Response

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Strange Boutique (November 2016) - "A reading list for Japan's music scene"

My Japan Times column for November coincided with the release of my book, Quit Your Band!, so I was faced with the awkward task of trying to tie the latter in with the former without being dreadfully cheesy about it. The approach I took was, rather than talk about my own book and make the column essentially an advert for myself, to write about other books people have written about music in Japan.

You can read the article on The Japan Times site here.

One of the overwhelming fears I've had about my own book is that it can't possibly cover the subject in a way that will satisfy everyone. Each reader will be entering with varying levels of advance knowledge and hugely different expectations. The prism through which I've come to understand music in Japan is not one shared by many other people writing about the subject, so the artists and themes that loom largest in my field of vision are going to be insignificant specks to someone else. I had to set parameters for myself though, and the route I chose for doing that was to just be open about the book's position looking at music from a position in the indie basement and to try to use that world as a microcosm to illuminate issues or themes that could be more broadly relevant.

 

All the books I talk about in my column limit their scope in some way as well, and you really should read all of them (and my book as well, obviously) if you really want a useful and broad picture of the music scene in Japan. Michael Bourdaghs' Sayonara Amerika, Sayonara Nippon does a great job of covering more or less mainstream music up until the end of the 1980s and putting it in its social context. David Novak's Japanoise: Music on the Edge of Circulation is obviously focused in a microscopic way on the noise scene. Kato David Hopkins' Dokkiri: Japanese Indies Music 1976-1989: A History and Guide focuses on the punk and underground scenes during its own specific time period. Julian Cope's Japrocksampler: How the Post-War Japanese Blew their Minds on Rock ‘n’ Roll deals with underground heavy rock and prog during the 1970s.

 

It's interesting that most of these books choose to end their periods of focus before the 1990s, and writing my own book I felt I could understand why. The 90s is a natural turning point in a lot of ways, seeing the emergence of J-Pop as the dominant "modern" form of Japanese popular music and the appearance of Shibuya-kei being a big enough thing in indie(ish) music that it disrupts narratives and demands quite detailed attention on its own. There's also the problem that assessing the relative importance of different artists and musical styles becomes more difficult the closer to the present day it occurred. Since the frame of my book was my own experience of Japanese music, which really began in late 2001 or thereabouts, I was never going to have the perspective needed to write a useful music guide, which again fed back into a structure that used artists primarily as jumping-off points to discuss broader issues about the scene as a whole.

 

There are particular things each book did well that I hope I was also able to do with my own work. Bourdaghs and Novak are both writing from an academic background (and for academic publishers), and so they are quite theoretically rigorous. I'm just a journalist, and not even a proper one at that, but I tried within the limitations of my ability to look at the structures, semiotics and culture of the music scene in something more than a superficial way. Hopkins' book is written with a real insider's eye, and so it rings with a kind of authenticity that, again, I hope I was able to evoke to at least some extent -- if a Japanese edition of my book ever appears, I'd like the people I see at venues and clubs around Tokyo to be able to read it and recognise something of their own experience in it. Cope's book retains an unapologetic focus on just what he likes, to the exclusion of almost anything else, and even if I lack Cope's swagger and buccaneering attitude towards the truth (there are fictional or somewhat fictionalised elements of my book, but they're separated from the main story), I admire his refusal to let more established narratives get in the way of him telling the story he wants. Julian Cope is also someone I admire a lot simply as a writer of the English language, and his book is by far the most entertainingly written and funniest of the four I discuss in my article. If Quit Your Band! manages to give its readers a little laugh here and there, I'm going to chalk that up as an important success.

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Quit Your Band! - Musical Notes from the Japanese Underground

I've been working on this book on and off for two and a half years, and finally it's out -- kind of. The Kindle edition is available on Amazon (and its various local iterations), while the paperback edition exists in a sort of quantum state somewhere between being available everywhere and not existing at all. Once Amazon and other booksellers have processed it and updated their web sites, the probability waveforms should resolve themselves and it will exist in something more than a theoretical state.

The initial idea for the book came from the publisher, Awai Books, who wanted to publish a collection of my Japan Times Strange Boutique columns in a single volume. Given how long ago I'd written a lot of them and how unsure I was about just how much I really felt I could stand by the opinions I'd held at the time, I swiftly returned with the counteroffer that I would write a fresh book, covering the same broad topics and linking them together into something that would give a broad overview of the music scene from a number of angles. I said I'd have it ready in six months, so that's something we can all laugh at now.

 

The emphasis of the book is on using my own experience in the Tokyo indie scene over the past 10-15 years -- as an event organiser, label owner and DJ -- to provide a framework for understanding the music scene as a whole, and as a result, it's not so much about discussing specific important bands in depth as it is using bands illustratively to establish a context that will help you make sense of pretty much any Japanese music you encounter.

 

It's also in the nature of the book's contemporary setting, and an idea embedded in the title, that whatever I pick out for particular mention are likely to be gone in a wisp of smoke before you even have time to get used to them. Already in the time between writing the first draft and publishing the book, a lot of the artists I mention in the book have "quit their bands", their music consigned to the scene's hopefully now not entirely forgotten past.

 

One band I mention briefly in the book, You Got A Radio, chose Quit Your Band!'s release day to play their final show. A coincidence, as far as I know, although a fitting one, given the significance of November 25th in musical history.

On the other hand, another band I discuss in the book -- indeed, the band whose dedication to their own demise gave the book its title -- chose to re-form during the book's long gestation period, at least for long enough for my Call And Response label to hustle them into the studio and record an EP. I describe a teenage Nakigao Twintail performing at Utero in Fukuoka (a venue since closed down and relocated, such is the transient nature of even the scene's bricks-and-mortar institutions) as a rush of energy that helped revitalise me during one of my own many slumps, and their re-formation in Tokyo more recently helped kick me out of another one. Bands like that are precious and it's to them that this book is really dedicated.

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